best homelab firewall

What is a home lab firewall?

A homelab is an environment in a person’s home designed to serve as a testing and learning space for IT professionals.
A homelab typically consists of multiple computer hardware components, such as servers, switches, routers, and firewalls, which are connected to simulate a real-world IT system or network.

IT professionals often use these labs as they provide a safe place to practice and experiment with technologies such as cloud computing, storage solutions, and security protocols without impacting production environments.

The purpose of home labs can range from practicing server administration (see best server for a homelab) tasks to configuring firewalls and virtualizing servers.

In this context, a firewall is a network security device that creates a barrier between an internal network (such as the home lab) and external networks like the Internet. Its purpose is to prevent unauthorized access while allowing authorized communication through its rule set.

Different types of firewalls offer varying levels of protection, so it’s essential to research your options before choosing one for your homelab.


What should you consider when choosing the best homelab firewall device?


Virtual Server or Physical firewall

The main difference between a virtual firewall and a physical firewall is that the former is a software-based solution while the latter is hardware-based. A virtual firewall is often easier to set up and manage, as there’s no need for physical hardware or installation. A virtual firewall usually runs in a VM or a cheap mini-computer.

However, it typically offers less protection against threats than a physical firewall. Physical firewalls are more secure but require more effort to set up, maintain, and upgrade.


Physical location

A good physical location for a home lab firewall would be somewhere close to the source of your internet connection, either at or near where it enters your home. This way, the firewall is best positioned to protect all devices connected to your network from threats from outside sources.


Features and configuration

Many features and configurations must be considered when choosing the best homelab firewall device. Some of the most important are security protocols such as protocol filtering, intrusion prevention systems (IPS), and virus scanning capabilities.

Also, consider which type of firewalls best fits your needs: stateful packet inspection (SPI) firewalls are best for basic protection; application layer gateways. In addition, the user interface and how easy configuring and managing the firewall is.

Other things to consider include the number of physical WAN, DMZ and LAN ports and VLANs supported, DNS and DHCP services, and the ability to customize the firewall settings. Additionally, it would be best to consider factors such as ease of setup, logging capabilities, and access control.

Finally, the size and form factor of the firewall device should also be considered, as it should be able to fit and work effectively within your home network.


Management interface

When choosing a home firewall device, it is vital to consider the various management interfaces available. When choosing a home firewall device, there are two primary management interfaces: a graphical user interface (GUI) and a command-line interface (CLI).

A graphical user interface (GUI) is a more user-friendly and intuitive way to manage a home firewall device. It allows users to configure settings easily and view network usage and other metrics through a visual representation. It also makes it easy to create rules and set up policies.

A command-line interface (CLI) is less user-friendly and may require a greater understanding of the underlying technologies. It allows users to perform tasks quickly and efficiently but may require some manual management of the underlying settings and components.

CLI also allows for more granular control of the settings, making it a popular choice amongst experts and IT professionals.

Both the GUI and CLI offer different levels of control and management for a home firewall device. When choosing a home firewall device, it is important to consider the user experience and the level of control needed for your home network.


Subscription, Maintenance, and Support

Maintenance considerations for a home firewall device:

  1. Ensure that your Firewall/UTM has an active subscription and is up-to-date. It will ensure that your firewall is current and live and can effectively isolate external threats.
  2. Periodically renew your Firewall/UTM subscription. Firewall vendors like Palo Alto, Fortinet, and Sonicwall offer two types of products that require renewal – security and support services. Security services help protect your network against malicious attacks, and support services provide access to technical support, software updates, and feature enhancements.
  3. You can raise an RMA (Return Merchandise Authorization) if you face any hardware issues. You can return the defective unit during the warranty period for a refund, replacement, or repair.
  4. Read and understand the terms and conditions before renewing your Firewall/UTM subscription. By knowing what is and is not covered, you will be in a better position to make an informed decision.

Cost and budget

When choosing a home firewall device, cost and budget are important considerations. Usually, enterprise firewalls with advanced threat protection and high throughput are expensive. For a more affordable option, recycling firewalls from local universities, ads, and websites like eBay or Craigslist could be a good choice. 

On the other hand, buying a new firewall won’t cost you a fortune. Amazon has good firewalls for under $1000, which protects your homelab. Continue reading in the next section. 


The best homelab or small business firewalls: hardware and software


Fortigate 40F or 60F

The Fortigate 40F or 60F is an excellent choice for homelabs, as it offers high performance and cost-savings.

COMPACT, FANLESS DESKTOP FORM FACTOR – The FortiGate 40F series provides a fast and secure SD-WAN solution in a compact fanless desktop form factor for enterprise branch offices and mid-sized businesses.

  • HIGH-PERFORMANCE THREAT PROTECTION – This firewall hardware effectively protects against cyber threats with system-on-a-chip acceleration and industry-leading secure SD-WAN in a simple, affordable, and easy-to-deploy solution.
  • VALIDATED SECURITY – Fortinet’s Security-Driven Networking approach provides tight network integration to the new generation of security. FortiGate will filter network traffic to protect an organization from internal and external threats.
  • CONTINUOUS RISK ASSESSMENT – A security rating and automation provide a continuous risk assessment of your computer system. This firewall is designed for small to medium businesses that need dependable protection against cybercrime.

Fortigate CLI
Fortigate CLI within the WebGUI

$284.30
FORTINET FortiGate-40F Firewall Appliance – 5 Gigabit Ethernet RJ45 Ports, Ideal for Small Businesses (Appliance Only, No Subscription) (FG-40F)
  • Compact and Efficient Design: The FortiGate 40F is designed for small to mid-sized businesses and enterprise branch offices, featuring a compact, fanless desktop form factor that ensures quiet operation and minimizes space usage.
  • Robust Connectivity Options: Equipped with 5 GE RJ45 ports, including 1 WAN port and 4 internal ports, this model provides essential connectivity and flexibility for various network configurations in a small-scale environment.
  • High-Performance Security: Offers up to 1 Gbps IPS throughput and 600 Mbps threat protection throughput, using Fortinet’s purpose-built security processor technology to deliver industry-leading performance and protection for SSL encrypted traffic.
  • Advanced Threat Protection: Integrated with Fortinet’s AI-powered FortiGuard Labs, the FortiGate 40F offers comprehensive cybersecurity, identifying and mitigating both known and unknown threats to maintain robust security across your network.
  • Simplified Management and Deployment: Features a user-friendly management console that provides comprehensive network automation and visibility, coupled with Zero Touch Integration with Fortinet’s Security Fabric for easy deployment.
Fortinet FortiGate 60F Hardware – Next-Gen Firewall Protection & Security
  • SECURITY DRIVEN NETWORKING: The FortiGate Next-Generation Firewall 60F series is ideal for SMB organizations to get enterprise-level security even on a tight budget, without sacrificing the critical performance and functionality your business needs to grow.
  • IDEAL THREAT PROTECTION: With a rich set of AI/ML-based FortiGuard security services and integrated Security Fabric platform, the FortiGate FortiWiFi 60F series offers a range of integrated security services, including firewall, VPN (Virtual Private Network), antivirus, intrusion prevention, web filtering, and application control. These services help safeguard the network against various threats and provide granular control over network traffic.
  • UNPARALLELED PERFORMANCE: FortiGate has high-performance capabilities, enabling efficient throughput and low latency. It is designed to handle high traffic volumes while maintaining network performance and stability.
  • A SEAMLESS USER EXPERIENCE: FortiGate FortiWiFi 60F automatically controls, verifies, and facilitates user access to applications, delivering consistency with a seamless and optimized user experience.
  • GREAT VALUE & PERFORMANCE: Simplified Operations with centralized management make it easier for networking and security, automation, deep analytics, and self-healing. Businesses won’t need to sacrifice value, performance, or functionality.


SonicWall TZ270 Network Security Appliance

The SonicWall TZ270 is an ideal choice for homelabs because it offers a comprehensive range of features, including SD-WAN, SSL/TLS decryption, up to 5 Gbps throughput, and Real-Time Deep Memory Inspection for blocking unknown malware.

SonicWall’s various options allow you to choose the perfect product mix for your network environment, making it an excellent fit for homelabs. It also has one million+ security sensors in 200+ regions, allowing it to derive threat intelligence insights. Its management console can be hosted on-premise and on the cloud.


SonicWall TZ270 High Availability (02-SSC-6447)
  • High Availability (HA) allows two identical SonicWALL appliances running SonicOS to be configured to provide a reliable, continuous connection. One SonicWALL device is configured as the Primary unit, and an identical SonicWALL device is configured as the Secondary unit. If the Primary SonicWALL fails, the Secondary SonicWALL takes over to secure a reliable connection between the protected network and the Internet. Two appliances configured in this way function as a High Availability Pair.
  • 10/5/2.5/1 GbE interfaces in a desktop form factor
  • Single-pane-of-glass-management through cloud or firewall
  • SonicWall Switch, SonicWave Access Point and Capture Client integration
  • The latest SonicWall TZ series, are the first desktop form factor nextgeneration firewalls (NGFW) with 10 or 5 Gigabit Ethernet interfaces. The series consist of a wide range of products to suit a variety of use cases.

Meraki Go Router Firewall Plus

The Meraki Go Router Firewall Plus is a perfect firewall solution for homelabs due to its ease of use and robust security features. 

The device offers layer seven application visibility and control, which can block malicious or unwanted traffic from entering the network. It also provides granular security policies to manage traffic and devices on the network, as well as a built-in firewall for extra protection. 

The Meraki Go Router Firewall Plus is designed for easy setup and is highly user-friendly. It makes it an ideal choice for the average user with limited technical knowledge. With its comprehensive security features and easy setup, the Meraki Go Router Firewall Plus is an excellent choice for any homelab.


$11.48
Meraki Go Ethernet Router Firewall | Cloud Managed | 5 Ports | Cisco
  • Easy to set-up and manage: Stateful firewall and router cloud managed with the Meraki Go mobile app; easily add multiple admins to help manage your networking equipment
  • Peace of mind: Alerts for connectivity problems and remote troubleshooting tools when needed
  • All-inclusive with no subscription required: Automatic updates, mobile app management and tech support included; mounting kit, GX20, QSG, PSU, and ethernet cables in the box
  • Hardware: PoE, WAN, and 3x LAN ports, stateful firewall, port forwarding, and DHCP services

Zyxel USG Flex 200

The Zyxel USG Flex 200 UTM firewall bundle is a recommended solution for up to 75 users and offers 1800Mbps SPI firewalls with 550Mbps UTM, 2 x Gigabit WAN ports, 4 x Gigabit LAN ports, and 1 x SFP. 

This firewall replaces the outgoing USG 60 model and provides one single management platform on the cloud. It also offers IPSec and SSL VPN protection for secure connections between multiple offices and/or homes.

McAfee-protected License Services provide industry-trusted security for your organization, while ICSA Certified firewall ensures that your system is up to date with the latest security threats. Finally, the lifetime warranty guarantees that you will have support for your system if needed.


Zyxel USGFLEX200 – (USG60v2) UTM and VPN Firewall (Hardware Only) NebulaFlex Compatible
  • Unified Threat Management Recommended for up to 75 Users, 1800Mbps Firewall, 2 x Gigabit WAN, 4 x Gigabit LAN, 1 x SFP
  • Replaces Outgoing USG 60-NB Model
  • SPI Firewall to Block Spoofing with IPSec and SSL VPN for secure connections between multiple offices and/or home
  • Optional Licensable Features Sold Separately: IPS Intrusion Prevention, Anti-Malware, Web Content Filtering, Anti-SPAM
  • Industry Trusted ICSA Certified firewall and backed by a Lifetime Warranty Limited Liability

Software Firewall: PFsense

PFSense is an open-source firewall software solution that provides a secure, reliable, and cost-effective network infrastructure. It helps users create an isolated virtualized environment where they can control access to their networks while providing robust security. It features easy configuration wide range of features such as VPN support, intrusion detection, web filtering, and many more to provide comprehensive protection against attacks.

You can download PFsense with this link.

Since it is based on Linux, the hardware requirements for running PFSense are low.

Below is my recommendation for a mini-computer


$20.00
Beelink S12 Pro Mini PC, Intel 12th Gen Alder Lake- N100(up to 3.4GHz), 16GB DDR4 RAM 500GB PCIe SSD, Desktop Computer Support 4K Dual Display/USB3.2/WiFi 6/BT5.2/Gigabit Ethernet for Home/Office
  • ✔️Latest 12th Intel Alder Lake-N100 – Beelink Mini S12 Pro mini pc is powered by 2023 Latest Intel 12th Gen processor Alder Lake-N100(4C/4T, 6M Smart Cache, up to 3.4GHz, 25W TDP) , delivers more than 25% higher performance than N5105. Compared with U59 Pro mini pc, Mini S12 pro is smaller, only 4.52×4.01×1.54 inches. Easier to carry anywhere for flexible working. Compact size makes the mini computer the top choice for your light Office work, 4K video playback, online education, design and etc.
  • ✔️16GB DDR4 + 500GB SSD, Upgrade Friendly – Beelink N100 mini pc has built-in single channel 16GB DDR4 RAM (max 3200MHz) and 500GB PCIe 1X SSD. You can replace the SSD to max 2TB or add a 2TB of 2.5-inch 7mm HDD/M.2 SSD 2280 (not included) to expand the storage. Large capacity enables you to switch back and forth between more applications and save more favorite documents or movies.
  • ✔️UHD Graphics & 4K Dual Screen Display – Mini desktop computer has equipped with Intel UHD Graphics(max 750MHz), delivers powerful graphics performance, supports 4K video playback and AV1 decoding, connect the pc with a projector as a home theatre, enjoy a variety of entertainments. Two HDMI 2.0 ports allow you to multi-task efficiently on two 4K@60Hz displays. It is convenient to hide the mini pcs on the back of the monitor or HDTV via the vesa mount, free you from messy desktop.
  • ✔️Stable WiFi6 & Fast BT5.2 – The latest wireless connectivity with 802.11ax which offers speeds up to 600Mbps. Built-in Bluetooth 5.2 enables you to connect multiple wireless devices such as mice, keyboard, monitoring equipment, printer and monitor. High-speed wireless connection technology, reliable and efficient transmission speed, providing a faster internet experience for browsing and streaming. Small pc supports Wake On LAN, PXE Boot, RTC Wake and Auto Power On, ideal to use as a server.
  • ✔️Upgraded Interface + Efficient Heat Dissipation – Mini S12 Pro micro pc comes with multiple interfaces (4*USB3.2 Gen2, 2*HDMI2.0, 1* 1000M LAN, 1*Audio Jack, 1*DC Jack). The new upgraded USB3.2 Gen2 ports run at up to 10 Gbps speeds, which is 2 times faster than USB3.0. The built-in ultra-quiet fan, heat sink, and hard drive cooling cover help to cool down the CPU processor and reduce hardware loss, delivering faster response speed.

Palo Alto Networks Firewall PA-440

The Palo Alto Networks Firewall PA-440 is a Next-Generation Firewall that supports ML-Powered Threat Detection and Response. This firewall allows remote users to access corporate resources from anywhere in the world securely. The PA-440 firewall also includes eight ports allowing easy connection to other network devices. 

The Palo Alto Networks Firewall PA-440 is powered by PANOS, which automatically classifies all traffic and ties it to the user, regardless of location or device type.


Palo Alto Networks – PA-400 Series – PA-440-LAB – Firewall – Plus Subscription Bundle 1YR, PAN-PA-440-LAB, PAN-PA-440-BND-LAB4, Black, 1.74In H x 8.83In D x 8.07In W
  • The world’s first ML-Powered Next-Generation Firewall (NGFW).
  • Includes, Palo Alto Networks PA-440 firewall (PAN-PA-440-LAB). PA-440, Lab bundle subscription (Threat prevention, DNS, Advanced URL filtering, GlobalProtect, WildFire, SD-WAN, Standard support), 1 year (12 months), prepaid (PAN-PA-440-BND-LAB4).
  • Palo Alto Networks PA-400 Series brings next-generation firewall capabilities to distributed enterprise branch offices, retail locations and midsized businesses. The controlling element of the Palo Alto Networks PA-400 Series is PAN-OS 10.1 security operating system, which natively classifies all traffic, inclusive of applications, threats and content, and then ties that traffic to the user, regardless of location or device type.
  • Business information is needed to complete the Palo Alto Networks Business approval process and validate your business entity. This may take 48-72 hours. The device will be registered directly to the ‘Customer’s Company’ for subscription/ license activation, support & renewals. The Customer/End User (EU) agrees to comply with the Palo Alto Networks EULA. The Palo Alto Networks EULA states that you are not permitted to use any product that is procured under a Lab or NFR (not for resale) SKU in a production environment.

Unifi Security Gateway Pro

The Ubiquiti Networks UniFi Security Gateway PRO is a high-performance router with robust security and advanced routing features. It is part of the UniFi Enterprise System, making building a secure and flexible network easy.

The Unifi Security Gateway PRO has two combinations of SFP/RJ45 ports that provide up to 1 Gbps fiber connectivity. Advanced hardware-accelerated packet forwarding delivers 1+ million packets per second performance. The Unifi Security Gateway PRO also offers four independent Ethernet ports with a full line rate of 4 Gbps.


Ubiquiti Networks Networks Unifi Security Gateway Pro (USG-PRO-4)
  • Ubiquiti Networks networks networks Unifi security Gateway Pro 4-Port (USG-PRO-4)
  • 4 Gigabit RJ45 ports plus 2 Gigabit SFP ports for fiber connectivity If needed
  • Standard rack mount 1U size
  • Provide cost-effective, reliable routing and advanced security for your network
  • Max. Power Consumption:7W

My thoughts and my favorite homelab or small business Firewall

Regarding the best homelab firewalls, the Fortigate 40F or 60F is my recommendation. It offers a comprehensive range of security measures to keep your network safe. The WebGUI makes it easy to configure the settings, and you can switch to the CLI through the same interface. Not only is this cost-effective, but it’s quick and convenient too.


Fortigate 60F WebGUI
Fortigate 60F WebGUI

Fortigate offers subscription bundles for their firewalls to provide peace of mind and ensure that your network is always secure. These bundles include a wide range of features, such as 24/7 support and real-time threat intelligence, advanced malware protection, application control, intrusion prevention, and web filtering services. With these subscriptions, you can stay ahead of the latest threats without worrying about manually managing the Firewall.


FAQ

What is a homelab

A home lab is an environment in your home where you can practice and improve your specific skills without the risk of affecting production. It’s where you can safely perform experiments and tests and fail without consequence, all within the safety and privacy of your own home. With the proper hardware and software, you can create an enterprise-grade lab with endless opportunities for learning and trying out new technologies.

How does firewall hardware work?

Firewall hardware inspects incoming traffic and allows or blocks data packets based on pre-configured security policies, user profiles, and business rules. All data moving across networks comprises packets containing header information, communicating the packet’s source, type, and destination.

The Firewall inspects this header information to let in only legitimate traffic. Advanced firewall hardware solutions can go further by enforcing progressive security policies to detect potential malware, zero-day threats, brute force attacks, unauthorized access, and various other security risks.

How can a firewall protect small businesses?

Small businesses use firewall hardware devices and software to enable an end-to-end secured network landscape. The hardware appliance might be built into the router; technically, a portable computing system with firewall software is also considered firewall hardware. It has onboard memory to run security policies, execute business rules, and route traffic.

Do I need a firewall for my homelab or small business?

A firewall in a home lab is necessary, as it provides a means to secure the home network and protect the lab environment from malicious activity or malicious users. In my case, my home lab already runs 24×7, making it a target for hackers.

Can I use a NAS as a firewall?

Yes, you can use a NAS as a firewall. Network-Attached Storage (NAS) is a popular option for a dedicated firewall or router. It usually doesn’t require a powerful CPU, but the NAS should have multiple gigabit network ports.


I would love to get some feedback from you. Was this article helpful? Please share your opinion with me in the comment section below. Or, if you prefer a more personal touch, feel free to email me directly at [email protected]. Your thoughts and insights are always appreciated.

Before you go …

After delving into the best homelab firewall options, you might want to understand the broader context of setting up an efficient homelab network. I recommend checking out Homelab Network for a comprehensive guide. This article will provide valuable insights into creating a robust and scalable network architecture essential for optimizing your homelab’s performance and security. It’s an excellent resource for anyone looking to enhance their homelab setup.


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